Lighting Ratios

  • What is Key Light?

Key light is the main light used to light up the model.

  • What is Fill Light?

Fill light is any other lighting used along side the Key Light.

  • Irving Penn Task

screen-shot-2016-12-12-at-14-39-42

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:8 as the right side of the models face contrasts highly with the left side. The lighting style used in this photo is Broad lighting, as we can see the models ear clearly in the photo.

screen-shot-2016-12-12-at-15-14-57

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:1 as both sides of the models face are lit up evenly. The lighting style used in this photo is Butterfly lighting, this is because shadows fall around the side of the face and underneath the nose.

screen-shot-2016-12-12-at-15-27-02

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:1 as the light is evenly spread out on both sides. The style of lighting used in this photo is short lighting as the light only goes up to her cheek bones.

screen-shot-2016-12-12-at-15-27-55

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:2 as the light on the left side of the models face is brighter than the light on the right side of the models face. The style of lighting used here is broad lighting as it concentrates from the nose to the ears.

Screen Shot 2016-12-12 at 15.29.28.png

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:3 as the right side of the models face is considerably darker than the left side of the models face. The style of lighting used in this photo is broad lighting as the light reachers from the nose to the ear.

screen-shot-2016-12-13-at-14-37-49

The lighting ratio used in this photo is 1:2 as the right side of the models face is slightly lighter than the left side. The style of lighting used is short lighting as the light only travels from the nose up until the cheek bones.

screen-shot-2016-12-14-at-09-45-04

The lighting ratio used in this image is 1:1 as the light on the right side of the models face matches the light on the left side. The style of lighting used in this photo is broad

screen-shot-2016-12-14-at-10-02-21

The lighting ratio in this image is 1:2 as the left side of their faces is slightly more lit up than the right side. The style of lighting used in this image is short lighting as the light only goes from their noses to their cheek bones.

screen-shot-2016-12-14-at-10-07-40

The lighting ratio used in this image is 1:1 as there is no clear difference on either side of the model. The style of lighting used here is short lighting as the light only reaches the models cheeks.

screen-shot-2016-12-14-at-10-14-16

The lighting ratio used in this image is 1:4 as the left side of the models face is considerably darker than the right side, but it’s not completely dark. The style of lighting used in this image is broad lighting as the list travels from the nose to the ear.

Ratio Key Light Fill Light
1:1 F/16 F/16
1:2 F/16 F/11
1:4 F/16 F/8
1:8 F/16 F/5.6

Lighting Styles

Rembrant:

wd1a9627
Apperture: F/16 – Shutter Speed: 1/125 – ISO: 100 – Light Power Level: 6

Broad:

wd1a9609
Apperture: F/16 – Shutter Speed: 1/125 – ISO: 100 – Light Power Level: 6

Short:

wd1a9608
Apperture: F/16 – Shutter Speed: 1/125 – ISO: 100 – Light Power Level: 6

Butterfly:

wd1a9611
Apperture: F/16 – Shutter Speed:1/125 – ISO:100 – Light Power Level: 6

Richard Avedon

screen-shot-2016-12-14-at-10-35-34

The main focal point of this image is the male standing standing in front of the camera, we know this as he is in focus whereas the area around him loses focus the further it goes out. This makes the image have a shallow depth of field. We know this as the background is blurry in proportion to the model. A prominent shape in the image is the model as the depth of field has drawn him out of the image. The texture of the brick road is brought out by the light, which also has a repeating pattern as the bricks are of the same style. The viewpoint of this image is a normal viewpoint as the camera is facing up towards the models eyes. There is a sense of depth as there is a shallow depth of field. The model fits the frame almost perfectly as there is only a little bit of space between the top and the bottom of the frame and the model. The light source in the mage is the sun behind the model. The colours in this image create contrast as it is a greyscale image. I feel as if this image is a low contrast image as there is a lot of the same shade of grey, but more of a higher contrast with the model. I think this image is a straight style image. My opinion on the image is that is it well presented and played out, but maybe the contrast could be a little higher.

francois-poulenc2c-composer2c-paris2c-1959

The main focal point in this picture is the man standing in front of the Eiffel Tower. This is because the rest of the image seems desaturated, therefore making the model more bold. The head of the Eiffel Tower sits on the top-right point of interest, so I would say that this image applies the rule of thirds. There is a sense of movement in the image as the models coat is flapping up by his left side. There are some leading lines in the tiles on the floor, which lead up to the model and a more dominant line splitting the sky from the floor, leading to the Eiffel Tower. The creases in the models trousers and coat is revealed through the lighting. There is a repeating button pattern on the mans coat, and also in the tiles on the floor. The view presented in the image could be described as a worms’ eye view as we are looking up towards the man, giving the man a sense of importance and power. There is a sense of depth to the image as we can clearly see the Eiffel Tower in the background behind the model is less contrasted in comparison to the model. The colours in this image create contrast as it is a greyscale image. The contrast of the image is low as there are a lot of greyer shades rather than more prominent black and white shades. The style of this image is straight as it portrays a man standing far in front of the Eiffel Tower. I think this image means that the model has some sort of power over something in France.

(Both images taken from http://www.avedonfoundation.org)

Cecil Beaton

twiggy
Twiggy

The focal point in this image is Twiggy as she fills in the majority of the frame. I feel like the rule of thirds applies to this image as her eyes and either side of her face fits onto the grid. This image has a wide depth of field as everything in the image appears to be in focus. The prominent shapes in this image are Twiggy’s eyes as they seem to bulge out using the reflection from her pupils. There are a lot of curved lines including the lines on her jumper, and the figure of her cheeks. A smooth texture is highlighted on Twiggy’s face using studio lighting (most likely using a soft box). There is a repeating pattern on Twiggy’s jumper which seems to be aesthetically pleasing and adds to the detail of the image. The viewpoint of the image is normal as Twiggy has her head looking straight. There is a sense of depth as there are shadows forming underneath her nose and round by her cheek bones (this suggests butterfly lighting was used in the studio). The sale of Twiggy in relation to the frame is slightly oversized as the top of her head is cut out along with the edges of her shoulders. The light source of the image is most likely a soft box in the butterfly lighting style.The image creates a high contrast as it is greyscale, but also has stronger shades of black and white rather than a lot of grey shades. I think the style of this image is more of a fashion style as Twiggy looks rather dainty in the image. I think that this image is trying to distort the way Twiggy looks in a way by using the studio to make her look more appealing. My response to the image is that I like how the image has a high contrast. I could use this with my work with props to make my work more inserting and have more meaning.

hepburn-1964
Hepburn 1964

(Images taken from http://cooteandco.com.au/?p=2108)

The main focal point in this image is the model (Audrey Hepburn in this case) and what she is wearing within it. I feel like this image somewhat applies to the rule of thirds as her right eye lines up with the left side of the grid. The depth of field is wide as there isn’t much depth to focus on individual things. There is a small shadow that forms to the bottom left hand-side of the image which is quite prominent. The texture of the silk bow is brought out from the broad lighting on the left side of Hepburn. There seems to be a pattern emerging on the flower hat Hepburn wears, bit not a regular pattern. There is a sense of depth to the image as a shadow emerges to the bottom left side of Hepburn. The viewpoint of this image is normal as Hepburn seems to be looking into the camera with ease. The scale in which Beaton took the image in is accurate as it doesn’t take too much detail off of the clothes she is wearing in relation to her accessories. The light source in this image appears to be a soft box as the lighting looks very soft to the left side of Hepburn’s face. The colours create harmony as they are all orchid like colours, matching with Hepburn’s orchid headpiece. I think that the contrast of the image is low as there are a lot of the same tones of colours in the image. I feel as if this image fits in the fashion category as Hepburn appears to be some sort of gardener figure. I think this means she likes to spend time out in nature. I think that the idea of an orchid themed image is interesting as nature is usually associated with landscape photography, so it combines two styles into one.

Irving Penn

shalom-harlow-birthday-best-moments-01

(Image taken from http://www.vogue.com/tag/photographer/irving-penn)

0ec6801fcef6b614d9144e01c4949864

(Image taken from https://uk.pinterest.com/nightlessnight/irving-penn/)

self-assessment-studio

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s